- Orthorexia - This is a fixation with healthy or "righteous" eating. These are the folks who will only put organic foods in their bodies. They will eliminate entire food groups. They will refuse to eat anything that isn't "pure" in quality. The motivation here is a fear of bad health, a desire to control everything they eat. Orthorexia can lead to malnourishment.
- Pregorexia - This is the extreme dieting some resort to during pregnancy in an effort to not put on the normal 25 to 35 pounds of extra pregnancy weight. Rather than "eating for two," these women eat with an obsession to be sure the one - themselves - stays skinny. Rooted in the social pressure to look thin during and after pregnancy, Pregorexia is risky for moms as it can lead to high blood pressure, anemia, and depression. Risks to the baby include miscarriage and birth defects.
- Binge Eating - This is the complusive overeating people resort to to deal with stress and emotional problems. The difference between this type of binge and the Bulimic binge is that they don't reverse the binge by vomiting.
- Anorexia Athletica - I remember hearing this called Hypergymnasia several years ago. With this addiction to exercise, people work out above and beyond what's helpful and healthy. Gym time begins to interfere with their jobs and relationships. Fatal cardiac problems and depression can result.
- Drunkorexia - This occurs when someone decides to restrict their caloric intake from food so that they can drink the calories in alcohol, usually at times when they are planning to binge drink. A study at the University of Missouri found that almost 30 percent of female college students exhibit drunkorexic behavior. They think they will not gain weight and that they will get drunk faster. Chances for alcohol poisoning, drunken sexual behavior, and heart/liver diseases are risks associated with Drunkorexia.
Wednesday, May 23, 2012
Disordered Eating. . . Beyond Anorexia and Bulimia. . .
This new category of subdiagnoses is called EDNOS - eating disorders not otherwise specified. It's growing category that I'm sure will continue to grow. In an effort to keep you informed, the MSNBC report included these subdiagnoses: